The Basics of Automobiles


Automobiles are vehicles that use an engine to move. They have four wheels and can carry a small number of passengers. They are more efficient than walking or riding a bicycle and can go places that public transport cannot (depending on the quality of public transport). However, they also cost more to operate and burn more fuel than other wheeled forms of transportation, and they pollute.

Having your own car means that you can travel at your own speed without having to wait for a bus or taxi. You can also avoid having strangers in your personal space, and you can protect yourself from bad weather or from people who might not be in the best of moods.

There are many different kinds of automobiles, but they all have similar basic parts. These are the chassis, wheels and axles, suspension system, steering system, brakes and body. The chassis is like the skeleton of a human body and supports all of these systems. The wheels and axles are attached to the chassis, and they are designed to support the weight of the vehicle while absorbing the vibrations caused by the up and down movement of the wheels. The suspension system is a network of springs and shock absorbers that help to make the ride of an automobile smoother. The steering system is the device that allows a person to control the direction of the automobile. The brakes are the devices that stop the automobile when the driver presses the brake pedal. The body of an automobile is the part that holds the seat and the trunk, and it provides protection from the elements for the passengers.

The engine, which powers the automobile, is a complex machine that does several jobs at once. It converts chemical energy in the gasoline into mechanical energy to turn the wheels. The engine also creates heat. The cooling system reduces the temperature of the engine by pumping cool water through it. The lubrication system is another important part of the engine, because it reduces friction between the metal parts and carries off excess heat.

The engine is connected to the rest of the automobile by a transmission system. The transmission system varies depending on the type of car, but it usually has two or three gears. The more gears there are, the higher the transmission ratio, which increases the amount of power transferred to the wheels. The engine also uses an exhaust system to vent any unburned gasses out the tail pipe. The exhaust system may also be used to detect when the engine is not running properly. The computer in an automobile is a sophisticated control system that can change many of the automobile’s operating parameters. This is a very useful tool, especially in racing cars where a race car’s performance can depend on the smallest change in the settings of various systems.